‘Diabetes, abuse of painkillers leading cause of CKD’

Awareness, early detection and timely treatment are key to protect the organ: doctors

Medical experts have urged the Central government to take a strict stand on over the counter sale of painkillers, with many of them warning that unhealthy lifestyle, diabetes and abuse of painkillers have emerged as leading causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) plaguing a major chunk of population.

Ravi Bansal, senior consultant, nephrology, PSRI Hospital, said: “The government should take a stand on over the counter sale of painkillers if it is concerned about people’s health. There should be measures to ensure that painkillers are sold only through prescription.”

Some of the factors causing kidney diseases are diabetes, excessive use of painkillers, ayurvedic drugs and home-made remedies, urine infections and high blood pressure, he added.

“People should also take care of their diet and avoid over consumption of non-vegetarian food, protein shakes and fast-food items which have high sodium content,” he said.

Crucial part of body

The kidneys are a crucial part of human body that perform multiple functions, including filtering the blood, removing waste, controlling body’s fluid balance and maintaining the level of electrolytes. If there is any mismanagement in kidney function, it will directly affect the functioning of the whole body.

Kidney damage from diabetes can worsen with time. However, one can take steps to check the damage.

Kidney failure occurs when the organ’s functioning drops to less than 15% of the normal.

Alka Bhasin, director, nephrology, Max Smart Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, said that CKD is a “silent killer” just as diabetes and hypertension, but carries a much lower profile, with less attention in public health forums and in society at large.

Lifestyle issues

Anant Kumar, chairman, urology, renal transplant, robotics and uro-oncology, Max Smart Super Specialty Hospital, Saket, said that CKD can be caused due to various factors, including consumption of excessive antibiotics and painkillers without proper consultation from a doctor, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, high blood pressure, diarrhoea and dehydration.

“A lot of young individuals going to the gym take unnecessary proteins and supplements for a long time or continue with strict unsupervised keto diet. Both may be harmful to the kidneys in the long run. Therefore, it is extremely important to spread awareness among people about the diagnosis of kidney failure and management such as dialysis and transplantation.”

Awareness about the causes of kidney diseases, early detection and timely treatment is key to protect the organ, say doctors.

“Prevention of kidney diseases is possible to some extent through lifestyle modifications, healthy diet, regular exercise and no consumption of medicines without consulting a qualified doctor,” said Anil Bansal of Delhi Medical Association.

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